Big-ship ready: Cruise terminal planning...by Darryl Anderson, Wave Point Consulting
The World Association for Water-borne Transport Infra-structure (PIANC) notes that ports already welcoming cruise traffic must continually adapt their infrastructure to meet cruise lines’ needs. It is essential for port infrastructure to be planned carefully and to include appropriate facilities for present and future requirements. This article will explore how cruise industry leaders are positioning their organization to be big-ship ready.
Industry trends and initiatives
From a global perspective, one of the most critical factors influencing new cruise port planning and existing terminal redevelopment is the trend towards ever-larger cruise vessels. PIANC reports that over the last 15 years, the average capacity of cruise ships has grown by 138 per cent to 3,100 passengers, while average vessel length has increased by 50 per cent, up to 300 metres. Also, ships with a capacity for over 5,000 passengers are becoming more and more common.
Photo above: Nanaimo's state-of-the-art Welcome Centre (courtesy Nanaimo Port Authority)
In response, the PIANC unveiled its first Guidelines for Cruise Terminals in 2016. The guide includes all areas of cruise ship operations: elements on the maritime side, the wharf-side services area (apron), terminal building and land transport area. It also includes guidelines on security, financial and operational aspects. The guide sets out the various criteria to be defined before designing the maritime part of cruise terminals, for example, the characteristics of the ships the port expects to receive; approach and berthing manoeuvres; mooring and defence systems; and the type of protection against erosion of propellers.
Michael McLaughlin, the Port of Seattle’s Director, Cruise and Maritime Operations, indicated that planning for larger ships in his port commenced with an unprecedented partnership with a major cruise line.
The second and third year are usually mainly quite theoretical although the teachings are often accompanied by placements in the field (e. During 4th, 5th and 6th years, medical students get a special status called 'Externe' (In some universities, such as Pierre et Marie Curie, the 'Externe' status is given starting in the 3rd kamagra kamagra indonesia year). They work as interns every morning at the hospital plus a few night shifts a month and study in the afternoon.
At the end of first year, an internal ranking examination takes place in each of these universities in order to implement the numerus clausus. First year consists mainly of theoretical classes such as biophysics and biochemistry, anatomy, ethics or histology. Passing first year comparaison levitra viagra cialis levitra hong kong is commonly considered as challenging and requires hard and continuous work. Each student can only try twice.