Pacific Pilotage Authority (PPA): PPA really means 'Pollution Prevention Assured'
Canada’s West Coast is remote, rugged and rich in marine life with some of the most biologically productive marine areas on the planet. It has been the ancestral home of First Nations for tens of thousands of years. It is a very special place. The Great Bear Rainforest is the last intact temperate rainforest in the Northern Hemisphere. The wild coast of British Columbia is an integrated ecosystem of ocean, land and rivers which First Nations peoples have traditionally considered to be a single ecosystem. The renamed Salish Sea recognizes this holistic system.
Super-imposed on these pristine waters is the Asia-Pacific Gateway, an important trade route for global commodities and vital element of transshipment of goods to and from the United States and Canada. It is Canada’s portal to the world and the fastest growing economies in the Indo-Pacific Ocean Basin. It is a busy shipping route that is only going to increase in ship and cargo volumes as international shipping responds to these economies and will result in the growth of the ports in British Columbia. The Pacific Pilotage Authority (PPA) is a central pillar and is often overlooked in Canada’s robust marine pollution prevention regime.
The recent discussion concerning increased tanker traffic on Canada’s West Coast has Canadians rediscovering the comprehensive pollution prevention regime that is in place in Canadian waters. Since the grounding of the oil tanker MV Arrow on Cerberus Rock in Chedabuato Bay, Nova Scotia in 1970, Canada has taken a proactive approach to the regulation of ship-source pollution in Canadian waters. Canada has led the way in pollution prevention activities at the international level. The provisions of the old Part 20 of the then Canada Shipping Act was considered radical at the time — and has developed a strong overlapping fabric of prevention elements in a holistic risk management approach to ship-source marine pollution prevention. It is a cornerstone of Canada’s ocean management strategy to protect the marine environment and regulate shipping in an efficient and sustainable manner. This involves an over-arching web of federal marine legislation and federal government departments including Transport Canada, the Canadian Coast Guard and Fisheries and Oceans (Canada) to name a few that are involved in the prevention, protection and response phase of risk management.
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